Department of Labor General Industry standards stipulate:
Rule 3503 Item (2) Safe Practices -
(a) Personal Protective Clothing and Equipment. Foot protection, shin-guards, hard hats, noise attenuation devices, or other personal protective clothing and equipment shall be worn when the extent of the hazard is such as to warrant their use.
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulate minimally acceptable respiratory protection through the 29 CFR 1910.134, Respiratory Protection standard.
In the 29 CFR 1910.134 standard, Respirator Selection in paragraph (b) (2) requires that respiratory selection be based on the hazard to which the employee is exposed. According to paragraph (c) respirator selection must be made using the guidelines of ANSI Standard Z88.2-1969 where four factors must be considered. Those four factors include: The nature of the hazard (paragraph 6.3 & 4), the extent and location of the hazard (paragraph 6.4), the work requirements and work conditions (paragraph 6.5), the characteristics and limitations of the respirators (paragraph 5).
The OSHA Standard for General Industry addresses First Aid under Subpart K - Medical and First Aid. In Appendix A to 1910.151 OSHA states " First Aid Supplies are required to be readily available under paragraph 1910.151(b)"
The OSHA industry standard in 1910.151 says that where the eyes or body of any person may be exposed to injurious corrosive materials, suitable facilities for quick drenching or flushing of the eyes and body shall be provided within the work area for immediate emergency use. Location of this equipment is discussed in ANSI Z358.1.
Blood Borne and Air Borne Pathogens can be present in human blood or body fluids. To prevent cross contamination from blood or air borne pathogens appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) should be worn. PPE can act as a barrier to pathogens when in close contact to others with non intact skin or who expel exhaled pathogens.
OSHA standards for Atmospheric Testing in General Industry can be found in 29 CFR 1910 .146. In this standard OSHA defines evaluation testing of the atmosphere in a confined space. OSHA stipulates that atmospheric testing is required for two distinct purposes: The first is to evaluate the hazards of a confined space and secondly to verify acceptable conditions before entry.
Hearing protection should be utilized for personnel exposed to 85 sound decibels or greater in an eight hour time weighted average.
Burns to the body are categorized in three degrees.
A First Degree burn is a superficial burn to the epidermis and manifests itself in pain to the affected area and reddening of the skin.
A Second Degree burn is a burn into the dermal tissues below the epidermis and manifests itself with blistering and pain to the effected area.
A Third Degree burn is a full thickness burn of the tissue and manifests itself with a charred appearance to the affected area with minimal or no pain.
According to OSHA 1,000 eye injuries occur daily in the America's workplace. Approximately 70% of those are due to falling or projectile objects and another 20% are due to contact with chemicals. Proper protective eye ware is critical in the prevention of eye injury in the workplace.
The OSHA standard stipulates, under Fall Arrest System 1910.66 (11)(d) Performance Criteria, that a fall arrest system shall limit maximum fall arresting force on an employee to 900 pounds when used with a body belt and it limits maximum arresting force on an employee to 1,800 pounds when used with a body harness. This standard stipulates that a fall arrest system shall bring an employee to a complete stop and limit maximum deceleration distance an employee travels to 3.5 feet.